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Meaning of PROPORTION

Pronunciation:  pru'powrshun

 
WordNet Dictionary
 
 Definition: 
  1. [n]  harmonious arrangement or relation of parts or elements within a whole (as in a design); "in all perfectly beautiful objects there is found the opposition of one part to another and a reciprocal balance"- John Ruskin
  2. [n]  magnitude or extent; "a building of vast proportions"
  3. [n]  the quotient obtained when the magnitude of a part is divided by the magnitude of the whole
  4. [n]  balance among the parts of something
  5. [v]  give pleasant proportions to; "harmonize a building with those surrounding it"
  6. [v]  adjust in size relative to other things
 

PROPORTION is a 10 letter word that starts with P.

 

 Synonyms: balance, dimension, proportionality, symmetry
 
 Antonyms: disproportion
 
 See Also: adjust, arrangement, balance, batting average, commensurateness, content, correspondence, counterbalance, equilibrium, equipoise, golden mean, golden section, harmonise, harmonize, magnitude, pct, per centum, percent, percentage, placement, proportional, proportionateness, quotient, scale, scale down, scale up, set

 

 

Webster's 1913 Dictionary
 
 Definition: 
  1. \Pro*por"tion\, n. [F., fr. L. proportio; pro before
    + portio part or share. See {Portion}.]
    1. The relation or adaptation of one portion to another, or
       to the whole, as respect magnitude, quantity, or degree;
       comparative relation; ratio; as, the proportion of the
       parts of a building, or of the body.
    
             The image of Christ, made after his own proportion.
                                                   --Ridley.
    
             Formed in the best proportions of her sex. --Sir W.
                                                   Scott.
    
             Documents are authentic and facts are true precisely
             in proportion to the support which they afford to
             his theory.                           --Macaulay.
    
    2. Harmonic relation between parts, or between different
       things of the same kind; symmetrical arrangement or
       adjustment; symmetry; as, to be out of proportion. ``Let
       us prophesy according to the proportion of faith.'' --Rom.
       xii. 6.
    
    3. The portion one receives when a whole is distributed by a
       rule or principle; equal or proper share; lot.
    
             Let the women . . . do the same things in their
             proportions and capacities.           --Jer. Taylor.
    
    4. A part considered comparatively; a share.
    
    5. (Math.)
       (a) The equality or similarity of ratios, especially of
           geometrical ratios; or a relation among quantities
           such that the quotient of the first divided by the
           second is equal to that of the third divided by the
           fourth; -- called also {geometrical proportion}, in
           distinction from arithmetical proportion, or that in
           which the difference of the first and second is equal
           to the difference of the third and fourth.
    
    Note: Proportion in the mathematical sense differs from
          ratio. Ratio is the relation of two quantities of the
          same kind, as the ratio of 5 to 10, or the ratio of 8
          to 16. Proportion is the sameness or likeness of two
          such relations. Thus, 5 to 10 as 8 to 16; that is, 5
          bears the same relation to 10 as 8 does to 16. Hence,
          such numbers are said to be in proportion. Proportion
          is expressed by symbols thus: a:b::c:d, or a:b = c:d,
          or a/b = c/d.
       (b) The rule of three, in arithmetic, in which the three
           given terms, together with the one sought, are
           proportional.
    
    {Continued proportion}, {Inverse proportion}, etc. See under
       {Continued}, {Inverse}, etc.
    
    {Harmonical, or Musical}, {proportion}, a relation of three
       or four quantities, such that the first is to the last as
       the difference between the first two is to the difference
       between the last two; thus, 2, 3, 6, are in harmonical
       proportion; for 2 is to 6 as 1 to 3. Thus, 24, 16, 12, 9,
       are harmonical, for 24:9::8:3.
    
    {In proportion}, according as; to the degree that. ``In
       proportion as they are metaphysically true, they are
       morally and politically false.'' --Burke.
    
    
  2. \Pro*por"tion\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Proportioned};
    p. pr. & vb. n. {Proportioning}.] [Cf. F. proportionner. Cf.
    {Proportionate}, v.]
    1. To adjust in a suitable proportion, as one thing or one
       part to another; as, to proportion the size of a building
       to its height; to proportion our expenditures to our
       income.
    
             In the loss of an object we do not proportion our
             grief to the real value . . . but to the value our
             fancies set upon it.                  --Addison.
    
    2. To form with symmetry or suitableness, as the parts of the
       body.
    
             Nature had proportioned her without any fault. --Sir
                                                   P. Sidney.
    
    3. To divide into equal or just shares; to apportion.
    
    
 

 

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