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Meaning of HYDROGEN

Pronunciation:  'hIdrujun

 
WordNet Dictionary
 
 Definition: 
[n]  a nonmetallic univalent element that is normally a colorless and odorless highly flammable diatomic gas; the simplest and lightest and most abundant element in the universe
 

HYDROGEN is a 8 letter word that starts with H.

 

 Synonyms: atomic number 1, H
 
 See Also: chemical element, element, gas, H2O, tritium, water

 

 

Webster's 1913 Dictionary
 
 Definition: 
\Hy"dro*gen\, n. [Hydro-, 1 + -gen: cf. F.
hydrog[`e]ne. So called because water is generated by its
combustion. See {Hydra}.] (Chem.)
A gaseous element, colorless, tasteless, and odorless, the
lightest known substance, being fourteen and a half times
lighter than air (hence its use in filling balloons), and
over eleven thousand times lighter than water. It is very
abundant, being an ingredient of water and of many other
substances, especially those of animal or vegetable origin.
It may by produced in many ways, but is chiefly obtained by
the action of acids (as sulphuric) on metals, as zinc, iron,
etc. It is very inflammable, and is an ingredient of coal gas
and water gas. It is standard of chemical equivalents or
combining weights, and also of valence, being the typical
monad. Symbol H. Atomic weight 1.



Note: Although a gas, hydrogen is chemically similar to the
      metals in its nature, having the properties of a weak
      base. It is, in all acids, the base which is replaced
      by metals and basic radicals to form salts. Like all
      other gases, it is condensed by great cold and pressure
      to a liquid which freezes and solidifies by its own
      evaporation. It is absorbed in large quantities by
      certain metals (esp. palladium), forming alloy-like
      compounds; hence, in view of quasi-metallic nature, it
      is sometimes called {hydrogenium}. It is the typical
      reducing agent, as opposed to oxidizers, as oxygen,
      chlorine, etc.

{Bicarbureted hydrogen}, an old name for ethylene.

{Carbureted hydrogen gas}. See under {Carbureted}.

{Hydrogen dioxide}, a thick, colorless liquid, {H2O2},
   resembling water, but having a bitter, sour taste,
   produced by the action of acids on barium peroxide. It
   decomposes into water and oxygen, and is manufactured in
   large quantities for an oxidizing and bleaching agent.
   Called also {oxygenated water}.



{Hydrogen oxide}, a chemical name for water, H?O.

{Hydrogen sulphide}, a colorless inflammable gas, {H2S},
   having the characteristic odor of bad eggs, and found in
   many mineral springs. It is produced by the action of
   acids on metallic sulphides, and is an important chemical
   reagent. Called also {sulphureted hydrogen}.

 
Biology Dictionary
 
 Definition: Hydrogen is a gas element which has an atomic number of 1 and an atomic weight of 1.0079. It combines with oxygen to form water (H20) and is present in all organic compounds. A few types of bacteria can metabolize atmospheric hydrogen (H2). Hydrogen gas itself is not poisonous, but when it mixes with air it can easily ignite or explode.

Hydrogen was discovered by Henry Cavendish in 1766 and was named by Lavoisier. There are two main isotopes of hydrogen: deuterium (2H) and tritium (3H, which is radioactive and is used in some glow-in-the-dark paints and as a tracer in biological studies).

 

 

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