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Meaning of SUGAR

Pronunciation:  'shûgur

WordNet Dictionary
  1. [n]  a white crystalline carbohydrate used as a sweetener and preservative
  2. [n]  an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain
  3. [v]  sweeten with sugar; "sugar your tea"

SUGAR is a 5 letter word that starts with S.


 Synonyms: carbohydrate, refined sugar, saccharide, saccharify
 See Also: beet sugar, beet sugar, brown sugar, cane sugar, cane sugar, caramel, caramelized sugar, corn sugar, deoxyribose, dulcify, dulcorate, edulcorate, granulated sugar, invert sugar, jaggary, jaggery, jagghery, loaf sugar, lump sugar, macromolecule, maple sugar, monosaccharide, monosaccharose, oligosaccharide, polyose, polysaccharide, ribose, simple sugar, sugar loaf, sugarloaf, supermolecule, sweeten, sweetener, sweetening, wood sugar, xylose



Webster's 1913 Dictionary
  1. \Sug"ar\, n. [OE. sugre, F. sucre (cf. It. zucchero, Sp.
    az['u]car), fr. Ar. sukkar, assukkar, fr. Skr. [,c]arkar[=a]
    sugar, gravel; cf. Per. shakar. Cf. {Saccharine}, {Sucrose}.]
    1. A sweet white (or brownish yellow) crystalline substance,
       of a sandy or granular consistency, obtained by
       crystallizing the evaporated juice of certain plants, as
       the sugar cane, sorghum, beet root, sugar maple, etc. It
       is used for seasoning and preserving many kinds of food
       and drink. Ordinary sugar is essentially sucrose. See the
       Note below.
    Note: The term sugar includes several commercial grades, as
          the white or refined, granulated, loaf or lump, and the
          raw brown or muscovado. In a more general sense, it
          includes several distinct chemical compounds, as the
          glucoses, or grape sugars (including glucose proper,
          dextrose, and levulose), and the sucroses, or true
          sugars (as cane sugar). All sugars are carbohydrates.
          See {Carbohydrate}. The glucoses, or grape sugars, are
          ketone alcohols of the formula {C6H12O6}, and they turn
          the plane of polarization to the right or the left.
          They are produced from the amyloses and sucroses, as by
          the action of heat and acids of ferments, and are
          themselves decomposed by fermentation into alcohol and
          carbon dioxide. The only sugar (called acrose) as yet
          produced artificially belongs to this class. The
          sucroses, or cane sugars, are doubled glucose
          anhydrides of the formula {C12H22O11}. They are usually
          not fermentable as such (cf. {Sucrose}), and they act
          on polarized light.
    2. By extension, anything resembling sugar in taste or
       appearance; as, sugar of lead (lead acetate), a poisonous
       white crystalline substance having a sweet taste.
    3. Compliment or flattery used to disguise or render
       acceptable something obnoxious; honeyed or soothing words.
    {Acorn sugar}. See {Quercite}.
    {Cane sugar}, sugar made from the sugar cane; sucrose, or an
       isomeric sugar. See {Sucrose}.
    {Diabetes}, or {Diabetic}, {sugar} (Med. Chem.), a variety of
       sugar (probably grape sugar or dextrose) excreted in the
       urine in diabetes mellitus.
    {Fruit sugar}. See under {Fruit}, and {Fructose}.
    {Grape sugar}, a sirupy or white crystalline sugar (dextrose
       or glucose) found as a characteristic ingredient of ripe
       grapes, and also produced from many other sources. See
       {Dextrose}, and {Glucose}.
    {Invert sugar}. See under {Invert}.
    {Malt sugar}, a variety of sugar isomeric with sucrose, found
       in malt. See {Maltose}.
    {Manna sugar}, a substance found in manna, resembling, but
       distinct from, the sugars. See {Mannite}.
    {Milk sugar}, a variety of sugar characteristic of fresh
       milk, and isomeric with sucrose. See {Lactose}.
    {Muscle sugar}, a sweet white crystalline substance isomeric
       with, and formerly regarded to, the glucoses. It is found
       in the tissue of muscle, the heart, liver, etc. Called
       also {heart sugar}. See {Inosite}.
    {Pine sugar}. See {Pinite}.
    {Starch sugar} (Com. Chem.), a variety of dextrose made by
       the action of heat and acids on starch from corn,
       potatoes, etc.; -- called also {potato sugar}, {corn
       sugar}, and, inaccurately, {invert sugar}. See {Dextrose},
       and {Glucose}.
    {Sugar barek}, one who refines sugar.
    {Sugar beet} (Bot.), a variety of beet ({Beta vulgaris}) with
       very large white roots, extensively grown, esp. in Europe,
       for the sugar obtained from them.
    {Sugar berry} (Bot.), the hackberry.
    {Sugar bird} (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of small
       South American singing birds of the genera {C[oe]reba},
       {Dacnis}, and allied genera belonging to the family
       {C[oe]rebid[ae]}. They are allied to the honey eaters.
    {Sugar bush}. See {Sugar orchard}.
    {Sugar camp}, a place in or near a sugar orchard, where maple
       sugar is made.
    {Sugar candian}, sugar candy. [Obs.]
    {Sugar candy}, sugar clarified and concreted or crystallized;
       candy made from sugar.
    {Sugar cane} (Bot.), a tall perennial grass ({Saccharum
       officinarium}), with thick short-jointed stems. It has
       been cultivated for ages as the principal source of sugar.
    {Sugar loaf}.
       (a) A loaf or mass of refined sugar, usually in the form
           of a truncated cone.
       (b) A hat shaped like a sugar loaf.
                 Why, do not or know you, grannam, and that sugar
                 loaf?                             --J. Webster.
    {Sugar maple} (Bot.), the rock maple ({Acer saccharinum}).
       See {Maple}.
    {Sugar mill}, a machine for pressing out the juice of the
       sugar cane, usually consisting of three or more rollers,
       between which the cane is passed.
    {Sugar mite}. (Zo["o]l.)
       (a) A small mite ({Tyroglyphus sacchari}), often found in
           great numbers in unrefined sugar.
       (b) The lepisma.
    {Sugar of lead}. See {Sugar}, 2, above.
    {Sugar of milk}. See under {Milk}.
    {Sugar orchard}, a collection of maple trees selected and
       preserved for purpose of obtaining sugar from them; --
       called also, sometimes, {sugar bush}. [U.S.] --Bartlett.
    {Sugar pine} (Bot.), an immense coniferous tree ({Pinus
       Lambertiana}) of California and Oregon, furnishing a soft
       and easily worked timber. The resinous exudation from the
       stumps, etc., has a sweetish taste, and has been used as a
       substitute for sugar.
    {Sugar squirrel} (Zo["o]l.), an Australian flying phalanger
       ({Belideus sciureus}), having a long bushy tail and a
       large parachute. It resembles a flying squirrel. See
       Illust. under {Phlanger}.
    {Sugar tongs}, small tongs, as of silver, used at table for
       taking lumps of sugar from a sugar bowl.
    {Sugar tree}. (Bot.) See {Sugar maple}, above.
  2. \Sug"ar\, v. i.
    In making maple sugar, to complete the process of boiling
    down the sirup till it is thick enough to crystallize; to
    approach or reach the state of granulation; -- with the
    preposition off. [Local, U.S.]
  3. \Sug"ar\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Sugared}; p. pr. & vb. n.
    1. To impregnate, season, cover, or sprinkle with sugar; to
       mix sugar with. ``When I sugar my liquor.'' --G. Eliot.
    2. To cover with soft words; to disguise by flattery; to
       compliment; to sweeten; as, to sugar reproof.
             With devotion's visage And pious action we do sugar
             o'er The devil himself.               --Shak.
Computing Dictionary

A simple lazy functional language designed at westfield college, University of London, UK and used in Principles of Functional Programming, Hugh Glaser et al, P-H 1984.

Medical Dictionary
 Definition: A class of carbohydrates that taste sweet. Sugar is a quick and easy fuel for the body to use. Types of sugar are lactose, glucose, fructose, and sucrose.
Dream Dictionary
 Definition: Seeing or eating sugar in your dream means that pleasures and enjoyment that you are denying yourself in your life. You need to indulge yourself sometimes and forget about the consequences. Seeing a sugar cube in your dream, suggests that you need to lighten up and quit being so serious.
Biology Dictionary
 Definition: Common name for any sweet, crystalline, simple carbohydrate which is an aldehyde or ketone derivative of a polyhydric alcohol. Sugars are mainly disaccharides like sucrose and monosaccharides like fructose; all are soluble in dilute alcohol or water and are white in their pure form.