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Meaning of GONFALON

 
Webster's 1913 Dictionary
 
 Definition: 
\Gon"fa*lon\, Gonfanon \Gon"fa*non\, n. [OE. gonfanoun,
OF. gonfanon, F. gonfalon, the same word as F. confalon, name
of a religious brotherhood, fr. OHG. gundfano war flag; gund
war (used in comp., and akin to AS. g[=u][eth]) + fano cloth,
flag; akin to E. vane; cf. AS. g[=u][eth]fana. See {Vane},
and cf. {Confalon}.]
1. The ensign or standard in use by certain princes or
   states, such as the medi[ae]val republics of Italy, and in
   more recent times by the pope.

2. A name popularly given to any flag which hangs from a
   crosspiece or frame instead of from the staff or the mast
   itself.

         Standards and gonfalons, 'twixt van and rear, Stream
         in the air.                           --Milton.



 

 

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