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Meaning of DISTEMPER

Pronunciation:  dis'tempur

 
WordNet Dictionary
 
 Definition: 
  1. [n]  any of various infectious diseases of animals
  2. [v]  paint with distemper
 

DISTEMPER is a 9 letter word that starts with D.

 

 See Also: animal disease, canine distemper, equine distemper, paint, strangles

 

 

Webster's 1913 Dictionary
 
 Definition: 
  1. \Dis*tem"per\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Distempered}; p.
    pr. & vb. n. {Distempering}.] [OF. destemprer, destremper, to
    distemper, F. d['e]tremper to soak, soften, slake (lime);
    pref. des- (L. dis-) + OF. temprer, tremper, F. tremper, L.
    temperare to mingle in due proportion. See {Temper}, and cf.
    {Destemprer}.]
    1. To temper or mix unduly; to make disproportionate; to
       change the due proportions of. [Obs.]
    
             When . . . the humors in his body ben distempered.
                                                   --Chaucer.
    
    2. To derange the functions of, whether bodily, mental, or
       spiritual; to disorder; to disease. --Shak.
    
             The imagination, when completely distempered, is the
             most incurable of all disordered faculties.
                                                   --Buckminster.
    
    3. To deprive of temper or moderation; to disturb; to ruffle;
       to make disaffected, ill-humored, or malignant.
       ``Distempered spirits.'' --Coleridge.
    
    4. To intoxicate. [R.]
    
             The courtiers reeling, And the duke himself, I dare
             not say distempered, But kind, and in his tottering
             chair carousing.                      --Massinger.
    
    5. (Paint.) To mix (colors) in the way of distemper; as, to
       distemper colors with size. [R.]
    
    
  2. \Dis*tem"per\, n. [See {Distemper}, v. t., and cf.
    {Destemprer}.]
    1. An undue or unnatural temper, or disproportionate mixture
       of parts. --Bacon.
    
    Note: This meaning and most of the following are to be
          referred to the Galenical doctrine of the four
          ``humors'' in man. See {Humor}. According to the old
          physicians, these humors, when unduly tempered, produce
          a disordered state of body and mind.
    
    2. Severity of climate; extreme weather, whether hot or cold.
       [Obs.]
    
             Those countries . . . under the tropic, were of a
             distemper uninhabitable.              --Sir W.
                                                   Raleigh.
    
    3. A morbid state of the animal system; indisposition;
       malady; disorder; -- at present chiefly applied to
       diseases of brutes; as, a distemper in dogs; the horse
       distemper; the horn distemper in cattle.
    
             They heighten distempers to diseases. --Suckling.
    
    4. Morbid temper of the mind; undue predominance of a passion
       or appetite; mental derangement; bad temper; ill humor.
       [Obs.]
    
             Little faults proceeding on distemper. --Shak.
    
             Some frenzy distemper had got into his head.
                                                   --Bunyan.
    
    5. Political disorder; tumult. --Waller.
    
    6. (Paint.)
       (a) A preparation of opaque or body colors, in which the
           pigments are tempered or diluted with weak glue or
           size (cf. {Tempera}) instead of oil, usually for scene
           painting, or for walls and ceilings of rooms.
       (b) A painting done with this preparation.
    
    Syn: Disease; disorder; sickness; illness; malady;
         indisposition; ailment. See {Disease}.
    
    
 
Thesaurus Terms
 
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